CE Test Questions
Taming the Wild Wavefront - Part 2

Exam Questions
1. HOAs affect vision:

    A. When the pupil is smaller than 4 mm
    B. Only when the pupil is larger than 8 mm
    C. When the pupil is larger than 4 mm
    D. In 2-mm and 8-mm pupils only
2. A standard refraction won't detect __________, and spectacle lenses can't correct them the way they correct __________.

    A. High-order aberrations, trefoil
    B. Defocus, astigmatism
    C. Low-order aberrations, defocus
    D. HOAs, LOAs
3. An “ideal vision correction” is _________, i.e., it _________ light conditions.

    A. Static, remains the same regardless of
    B. Dynamic, changes with
    C. Dynamic, remains the same regardless of
    D. Static, changes with
4. In low-light conditions, high-order aberrations reduces all the following except:

    A. Image quality
    B. Contrast sensitivity
    C. Overall haze
    D. Night vision acuity
5. One of the causes of halos around bright lights at night is:

    A. High-order aberrations
    B. Defocus
    C. No glare coatings
    D. Lack of prism
6. For a large pupil, when the “location of minimum blur” shifts, is called:

    A. Night myopia
    B. Hyperopia
    C. Small pupil myopia
    D. 4th order defocus
7. For patients with significant HOAs, considering tolerances, a night vision correction could be off by as much as:

    A. 0.12D
    B. 0.38D
    C. 1.12D
    D. 1.37D
8. Why can't HOAs be corrected by spectacle lenses?

    A. Defocus and astigmatism wavefronts are asymmetrical, HOAs
    B. The defocus wavefront is symmetrical, astigmatism and HOAs are asymmetric
    C. Astigmatism wavefronts are symmetrical, HOAs and defocus are asymmetric
    D. Defocus and astigmatism wavefronts are asymmetrical, HOAs are symmetric
9. All of the following improve the usefulness of a pair of glasses for both low and bright light conditions except:

    A. Rx using wavefront and subjective data
    B. Photochromic lenses
    C. High index lenses
    D. Customized POW adjusted lenses
10. Wearer testing using wavefront versus traditional SV lenses reported all of the following except:

    A. Less vivid colors
    B. Improved night vision
    C. Less glare
    D. Improved acuity
11. All of the following are incorrect except:

    A. Subjective refraction is outdated
    B. Low-order aberrations are unimportant
    C. Subjective refraction is unnecessary
    D. The of effects HOAs won't refine the prescription
12. “Image noise” reported by Catania to be as much as _________ of the refractive error.

    A. 20 percent
    B. 40 percent
    C. 60 percent
    D. 80 percent
13. HOAs are more apparent during:

    A. Mesopic and photopic conditions
    B. Mesopic and scotopic conditions
    C. Scotopic and photopic conditions
    D. Bright light and photopic conditions
14. High-order aberration effects are ____________ as low-order aberrations and significant in terms of both acuity and contrast.

    A. Not as pronounced
    B. More pronounced
    C. The same as
    D. More pronounced for small pupils
15. When low and high-order wavefront data is included in the prescription, there is:

    A. Improved color perception
    B. Increased haze
    C. Decreased central acuity
    D. Decreased depth of focus
16. Fig. 3 in the CE course typifies the effects of a large pupil in a progressive lens at the:

    A. Center of the near checking circle
    B. Border of the central viewing zones
    C. Fitting cross
    D. Distance checking circle
17. i.Scription is a process that includes all of the following except:

    A. Automated refraction
    B. Subjective refraction
    C. Varying pupil sizes
    D. Traditional surfacing
18. High-order aberrations are effectively blocked by a __________ during the subjective refraction.

    A. Low to moderate prescription
    B. Small pupil
    C. High cylinder prescription
    D. Large pupil
19. All of the following are adopted unaltered from the wavefront (Wav) or subjective refraction (Ref) except:

    A. Prism (Ref)
    B. Cylinder (Wav)
    C. Base (Ref)
    D. Axis (Ref)
20. Pupil size varies from ______ in diameter in bright daylight to ______ in diameter in total darkness.

    A. 2 mm, 5 mm
    B. 5 mm, 10 mm
    C. 3 mm, 8 mm
    D. 2 mm, 8 mm

Evaluation Questions

21. In questions 21-25 please rate the effectiveness of how well each course met the stated learning objectives: Met the stated learning objectives?

    A. Excellent
    B. Very Good
    C. Good
    D. Fair
    E. Poor
22. Avoided commercial bias/influence?

    A. Excellent
    B. Very Good
    C. Good
    D. Fair
    E. Poor
23. How would you rate the overall quality of the material presented?

    A. Excellent
    B. Very Good
    C. Good
    D. Fair
    E. Poor
24. How were you directed to this course?

    A. 2020mag.com
    B. OAA Website
    C. NYSSO Website
    D. Ohio Opticians Website
    E. Other
25. Please describe the office in which you work.

    A. Independent Optician
    B. Independent Optometry
    C. Chain retail
    D. HMO/Military/Other
26. Comments on this program: