CE Test Questions
Vision's Declaration of Independence - Part 1 UV, HEV and the Aging Eye

Exam Questions
1. All of the following contribute to good vision except:

    A. Contrast
    B. Ametropia
    C. Acuity
    D. Perception
2. By age 80, what percent of Americans have a significant cataract?

    A. 15 percent
    B. 35 percent
    C. 50 percent
    D. 65 percent
3. As we age, the lens turns __________ and it attenuates the color _____________.

    A. Yellow, yellow
    B. Yellow, blue
    C. Blue, yellow
    D. Yellow, green
4. There is some evidence that the liquefaction of the vitreous is caused by:

    A. Short wavelength blue
    B. Infrared
    C. Ultraviolet
    D. Long wavelength blue
5. Why should the aging eye be protected from UV and HEV?

    A. The accumulated effects change eye structures.
    B. The eye is affected only after age 60.
    C. The accumulated effects result in eye disease and reduced vision.
    D. A and C
6. In the Canadian study, what is the single greatest fear of older people?

    A. Dependency
    B. Hearing loss
    C. Vision loss
    D. Problems walking
7. Photo-keratitis is also known as a:

    A. Corneal abrasion
    B. Lenticular sunburn
    C. Corneal sunburn
    D. Endothelial sunburn
8. Pinguecula is attributed to long-term exposure to:

    A. UVA
    B. UVB
    C. Both UVA and UVB
    D. HEV
9. Cortical cataracts are attributed to:

    A. UVA
    B. UVB
    C. Both UVA and UVB
    D. HEV
10. UVA ____________ in the lens and creates ________ that can affect clarity in an older eye.

    A. Is absorbed, cortical cataracts
    B. Is absorbed, brunescent cataracts
    C. Fluoresces, keratitis
    D. Fluoresces, haze
11. A pinguecula crosses the limbus and becomes a _____________.

    A. Squamous cell carcinoma
    B. Pterygium
    C. Floater
    D. Cataract
12. All of the following are age-related eye diseases where UV is implicated except:

    A. Droplet keratopathy
    B. Glaucoma
    C. Photokeratitis
    D. AMD
13. Sunglasses are recommended for glaucoma patients because:

    A. UV radiation makes glaucoma worse
    B. UV radiation makes glaucoma better
    C. They are light and glare sensitive
    D. They reduce medication requirements
14. A yellowing of the lens occurs:

    A. In the lens nucleus
    B. In the lens capsule
    C. As a by-product of UV absorption
    D. A and C
15. In the U.S., the major cause of uncorrectable vision impairment of the over 50-year-old is:

    A. Cataract
    B. Age-related macular degeneration
    C. Diabetic maculopathy
    D. Climatic droplet keratopathy
16. The part of the visible spectrum that is seen as problematic for AMD is:

    A. 430 nm
    B. 410 nm
    C. 450 nm
    D. 430 nm ±20 nm
17. The structure, which decreases in size with old age and reduces available illumination is:

    A. Pupil
    B. Aqueous chamber
    C. Lens
    D. Number of upper eyelashes
18. All of the following are used to best help prevent lid and the surrounding area basal cell cancers except:

    A. Hats with brims
    B. High SPF sunscreen applied frequently
    C. Tinted hard resin lenses in a small oval frame
    D. 100 percent UV-absorbing lenses in a wrap frame
19. Which is a known carcinogen?

    A. UVA
    B. UVB
    C. HEV
    D. Infrared
20. The long blue wavelengths are associated with:

    A. AMD
    B. Sleep disorders
    C. Circadian rhythm
    D. B and C

Evaluation Questions

21. In questions 21-25 please rate the effectiveness of how well each course met the stated learning objectives: Met the stated learning objectives?

    A. Excellent
    B. Very Good
    C. Good
    D. Fair
    E. Poor
22. Avoided commercial bias/influence?

    A. Excellent
    B. Very Good
    C. Good
    D. Fair
    E. Poor
23. How would you rate the overall quality of the material presented?

    A. Excellent
    B. Very Good
    C. Good
    D. Fair
    E. Poor
24. How were you directed to this course?

    A. 2020mag.com
    B. OAA Website
    C. NYSSO Website
    D. Ohio Opticians Website
    E. Other
25. Please describe the office in which you work.

    A. Independent Optician
    B. Independent Optometry
    C. Chain retail
    D. HMO/Military/Other
26. Comments on this program: